Peeled caps on radial and bias tires can cause blowouts and accidents. Often, the cause of a peeled cap is loss of adhesion of the cap from the tire casing during the retreading processes. If all of these terms sound a bit foreign to you, read on for an explanation of what a peeled cap is, why it’s dangerous, and how to look for it.
How Tires are Made
The first step to understanding peeled caps, retreading, and casing is understanding how tires are made. The body of a tire is made up from several different materials, referred to as piles. A cap pile is a layer of piles installed between the sidewall and tire tread, but not all tires have cap piles.
The sidewall is the part of the tire that helps prevent air release, and is found under the tire tread. The tread is one of the most important parts of the tire, and is the outermost layer of the tire. The tread helps with traction and control. Tread is connected to the body of the tire, known as the casing, with adhesives.
Over time, tires experience a lot of normal wear and tear. When a tire’s tread wears down, tires are often retreaded. This process can also be called recapping or remolding. Retreading is often seen as the most environmentally-friendly and cost-effective way to replace old tires, as retreading conserves up to 90 percent of the original materials.
Mistakes During the Retreading Process
While retreading tires is a great way to replace old tread, when done incorrectly, retreading errors can lead to devastating results. There are four common types of retreading.
- full treading, which is the replacement of the total tread.
- top treading, which is the replacement of the worn areas of the tread alone.
- bead-to-bead retreading, which is the replacement of both the worn tread and the sidewall rubber.
- and, pre-cured tread retreading, which is the replacement of worn tread with tread that’s been pre-hardened with the tread design.
During a retreading process, new tread (and cap) is attached to old tread (and cap) through the use of adhesives.
The adhesives may not work as intended if any of the following happens during the retreading process.
- old adhesives are used.
- they aren’t applied correctly.
- they are cured using improper cooking temperatures.
- or are contaminated by materials such as sawdust or grease.
When adhesives fail, it can lead to a peeled cap.
The Dangers of Peeled Cap
Peeled cap refers to the tread of the tire separating from itself, or peeling away from the tire’s casing. When any part of a tire peels away from another part, the driver of the car with the defective tire is at risk of an accident. A peeled cap can lead to a blowout, which in turn can lead to dangerous and deadly accidents. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that tire failure causes 11,000 accidents per year.
It is important to routinely inspect your tires. If you notice anything out of the ordinary –such as uneven tread wear, bulges or cracks, or tread peeling – you should stop driving immediately and seek the services of a tire care professional or auto mechanic.
Call Chalik & Chalik if a Tire is to Blame for Your Accident
If you’ve been involved in an accident that you suspect was related to cap peeling, and if you think that that cap peeling was a result of the tire retreading process, seek help from an attorney. If your accident was the result of someone else’s mistake, that party may be liable for damages. To speak with an attorney today, call the attorneys at Chalik & Chalik at 855-971-1662.